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Sometimes you will be on a machine without access to the internet and you need to get a file downloaded. You could first download the file somewhere else and then transfer it to the machine on the private network. This get tedious… hence the reason for this article.
Some notes before we begin:
If you have not done so already you will need to setup passwordless authentication to the server you wish to connect to.
Read up on SOCKS proxies here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOCKS
Where the port number is set to '20000', you can set this to any number between 1025-65535. You may find you will actually need to change this number if some other process is already using that port.
Now we can create a SOCKS proxy without a password:
user@computer:~$ ssh -f -C -q -N -D20000 email@example.com
Notice how the ssh session is now running in the background:
user@computer:~$ ps aux | grep linux1 user 11995 0.0 0.0 58240 1016 ? Ss 11:04 0:00 ssh -f -C -q -N -D20000 user@linux user 11997 0.0 0.0 11740 916 pts/2 S+ 11:04 0:00 grep linux
ALL_PROXY environment variable:
user@computer:~$ export ALL_PROXY='socks5://127.0.0.1:20000'
Any tool that respects this environment variable will tunnel its traffic through the proxy we just setup.
user@computer:~$ git clone https://github.com/foo/bar.git Cloning into 'bar'... remote: Counting objects: 120662, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (48/48), done. remote: Total 120662 (delta 23), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 120608 Receiving objects: 100% (120662/120662), 36.26 MiB | 5.24 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (74544/74544), done. Checking connectivity... done. Checking out files: 100% (1456/1456), done.
Now to make it automatic on login. Add the following to ~/.profile or ~/.bash_profile Remove the 'echo' commands if you wish.
if [[ $(nc -z 127.0.0.1 20000; echo $?) -eq 0 ]]; then echo 'proxy already running' else echo 'setting up proxy' ssh -f -C -q -N -D20000 firstname.lastname@example.org export ALL_PROXY='socks5://127.0.0.1:20000' fi
First you will need to setup passwordless authentication.
Add the following to your
CNETIDwith your actual CnetID.
id_rsawith the private key you use to ssh to 'linux.cs.uchicago.edu' without a password.
Host github.com User CNETID ProxyCommand ssh -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa CNETID@linux.cs.uchicago.edu nc %h %p IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa